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Autonomous Vehicle Market Report: Size, Forecast, and Research trends of Self-Driving Industry

Autonomous vehicles are commonly classified by self-driven or driverless. Self-driven vehicles are not fully autonomous and need the intervention of human drivers. Most of the commercially available autonomous vehicles today are self-driven cars. On the other hand, driverless vehicles are fully autonomous and can drive without any human intervention.

Even though the concept started as early as in 1500AD when Leonardo da Vinci designed a Self-propelled cart, but it really came into practice in the 20th century. In 2015, when Tesla started to commercialize ‘Autopilot’ features in its cars, the concept became popular among all the other major.

Currently, several major automobile companies are engaging in research and development of both semi and fully autonomous vehicles. During the last three years, quite a number of automobile giants have announced their plans to launch fully autonomous cars by 2020.

The growing interest of individuals and corporates in this domain is sure going to take this industry to new heights in the near future. Seeing that interest and the potential we thought to conduct a thorough market analysis of the autonomous vehicle industry.

Through this article, we have tried to gauge the current market and research status of autonomous vehicles in as many details as possible. From companies involved in researching and manufacturing of this technology, to market challenges and strategies to solve them, we have covered almost everything you might want to know about autonomous vehicles.

As you might have already anticipated, this article is going to be really really long (+14000 to be precise) and to ease you in navigation, here I have created an index which you can use to jump to the section of your interest:

Also, to make it even more convenient, I converted this whole article into a printable PDF. You can download the pdf version using this form:

Autonomous Cars Market Research Ebook


Introduction

History of Autonomous Vehicle Technologies

source: WIRED

Level of Autonomy

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, autonomous cars are segmented under six different levels of autonomy starting from Level 0 to Level 5. The following table explains the autonomy levels in the vehicles.

Autonomous Vehicle Levels

Autonomous Vehicle Levels

Market Size And Growth Potential Of Autonomous Vehicles

Various global consulting and research firms have come up with different estimates of autonomous vehicle market size.

Lux Research, in one of their reports, revealed that the self-driving vehicle market has the potential to become an $87 billion opportunity by 2030. Level 2 vehicles are estimated to capture 92% of the total market share even in 2030, while level 3 cars will capture the rest. According to their report, no Level 4 or Level 5 vehicles will be operational by 2030.

On the other hand, according to the Allied Market Research, the market could reach from $54.23 billion in 2019 to $556.67 billion in 2026 with a CAGR of 39.47%. It also estimates that Europe would exhibit the highest CAGR of 42.6% during 2019-2026.

Autonomous Vehicle Market Forecast

The self-driving vehicles capable of piloting through highway and traffic jams are most likely to be available by the end of 2017, followed by urban autopilot mode by 2022, and fully driverless cars will appear massively no earlier than 2025. By this time, the global market will be worth around $42 billion.

25% of the total cars sold in 2035 are projected to be autonomous vehicles comprising 15% partially-autonomous vehicles and 10% fully autonomous cars.

The share of Autonomous Vehicle Sales in the Total Market (2025 vs 2035)

Market Share of Autonomous Vehicles

Market Share of Autonomous Vehicles

Source: BCG

According to most industry experts, North America will become the leading market for such cars. Another analysis published by IHS highlights that the US will be an early player in the autonomous car segment. 

However, according to Statista, there are countries that are better prepared than the US.Countries best prepared for Self Driving Vehicles

Higher Safety And Possible Decline In Road Accident

According to industry experts, autonomous cars are expected to be safer as compared to traditional cars. Advanced modern-day sensors and machine learning technologies are being used in these cars. Additionally, these cars are backed up with impressively advanced artificial intelligence systems being developed by some of the leading companies such as Nvidia, Intel, and many more. As a result, the chances of failure are less.

Using driverless cars will let the vehicles to travel at a much closer to each other and also allows the vehicles to notice parking spots and auto-park. Hence, this results in smoother traffic flow and leads to better fuel competence of the vehicles. According to the researchers, driverless cars could reduce fatal accidents by 90% that equals 300,000 lives saved each decade in the US. 

Reduced Cost And Human Efforts

Autonomous vehicles will most definitely decrease the requirement of human drivers and can be helpful to industries facing a lack of manpower. The precious time saved using autonomous cars can be used in other more significant tasks.

Challenges For Autonomous Vehicles

Regulatory Uncertainty

Most of the countries that have started testing autonomous vehicles have not yet provided a concrete regulatory guideline for such autonomous vehicles. There are still no guidelines or regulatory framework in which autonomous vehicles can run.

Even though the governments of some countries, including the US, Japan, and Singapore showed interest in commercializing autonomous technologies, but it is still in a stage of development.

Many research organizations have cited Laws licensing, and regulations as one of the biggest challenges in the marketing of AVs. Trials of such cars are going on in multiple states in the US including California, Michigan, Florida, and Nevada.

Many European countries such as Germany, the UK, Spain, Belgium, Italy, and France are also going through trials of autonomous cars. According to the European Commission, automated vehicles face challenges to establish rules for technologies that are not yet applied.

Additionally, another challenge is to decide how the safety of automated vehicles should be tested and by whom. Such Regulatory uncertainty could cost a lot to several companies that have heavily invested in autonomous technologies.

Technical Challenges

Predictions that say AVs will hit roads in the next five to ten years’ timeline are highly positive. Modern-day AVs, on the other hand, are hardly road-ready.

ScienceNews Magazine listed five key technological challenges that might become a roadblock for autonomous cars.

One of the key problems of these five includes cybersecurity. In 2015, a cyber breach activity forced a Jeep to stop on a St. Louis highway when it was driving at 70mph. Hackers wirelessly accessed the car’s braking and steering through the onboard entertainment system.

In addition, further research in technology and affordability are essential to make the vehicles compliant and hazard-free. In many cases, AVs are still struggling to relate with human-driven vehicles on the road, and they face huge obligation, insurance, and even moral concerns that have yet to be determined. For instance, Tesla’s autonomous vehicle test in 2016 resulted in serious crashes that resulted in a human loss.

When technologies are already running efficiently, it may take a couple of decades to change the current vehicles into a robotic fleet. Presently there are more than 250 million vehicles on the road in the U.S. alone, with an average beneficial life of more than 11 years. It could be difficult to accomplish this huge fleet to arrange autonomous technologies.

Autonomous Vehicle Ecosystem

There are over 250 companies including automakers, technology providers, services providers and tech start-ups that are taking serious steps to make self-driven or driverless cars a reality This report categorizes the cars under four broad segments, namely, automakers and auto-parts providers, technology providers, services providers, and tech start-ups.

Top companies pioneering in self driving car industry:

Top companies pioneering in the self-driving industry:

Automotive Companies Working On Autonomous Vehicles

Ford

Ford is one of the most aggressive players and fastest companies aiming to launch a highly autonomous vehicle. It has plans to launch a fully autonomous vehicle by 2021. For the same, it has taken several strategic steps as well.

Unlike competitors, which are slowly ramping up autonomy systematically from Level 2 to 3 to 4, Ford aims to jump several steps and go right to Level 4. According to the experts, the price is the leading factor for this decision.

Strategic plans and initiatives:

  • On Jan 9, 2018, Ford announced its invention called  “Transportation Mobility Cloud” which they created working with Qualcomm. Ford said that it is tired of being just a car company and now it wants to be seen as an operating system for the future of mobility.
  • On July 24, 2018, Ford said that it’s creating a separate $4 billion unit for its self-driving vehicle operations and for also seeking outside investors.
  • On October 31, 2018, Ford Motor Company announced its collaboration with Baidu and soon both will kickstart trials to test autonomous vehicles in Beijing, China, following efforts by Ford engineers to equip the vehicles with Baidu’s Apollo Virtual Driver System. The two-year initiative was expected to commence by year-end and would involve autonomous vehicles designed to meet Level 4 driving automation standards established by SAE International.
  • On November 15, 2018, Ford publicly stated that it plans to have self-driving cars on the road in commercial capacity by 2021 and has been building out a testing facility in Miami for the last nine months. 
  • On March 20, 2019, Ford Motor Company said that it would build its first autonomous vehicles at a $50 million production center in Michigan as part of an earlier pledge to invest $900 million in manufacturing operations in the state.
  • On April 26, 2019, Ford said that the company intends to deploy upwards of 100 driverless vehicles by the end of 2019 and start testing in a new city as it increases the development of its autonomous technologies.
  • On May 22, 2019, Ford, in a press release, announced its exploratory partnership with Agility Robotics, an Albany-based spinoff of Oregon State University’s Dynamic Robotics Laboratory specializes in bipedal machines. 
  • On Jul 14, 2019, Ford and Volkswagen announced that they are collaborating on autonomous vehicle technology and investing more than $7 billion (£5.57 billion) in the autonomous vehicle technology platform Argo AI. Argo AI focuses on delivering a Society of Automobile Engineers (SAE) Level 4-capable self-driving-system. Level 4 self-driving cars drive independently in certain specified conditions; a driverless taxi is one example of a Level 4 vehicle.
  • Ford also partnered with Walmart to explore delivery with autonomous vehicle technology. Walmart is already offering grocery delivery in nearly 100 metro areas and is continuing to innovate to find new ways to serve customers – better, faster, and easier.
  • On July 22, 2019, Ford announced that the company is on a push to introduce a high volume of fully autonomous vehicles by 2021. After establishing a $45 million advanced manufacturing center in Michigan last year, Ford is betting on futuristic technologies to help speed manufacturing innovation.
  • On July 30, 2019, Ford purchased Quantum Signal — the 20-year-old company behind computer-generated environments (ANVEL) used by militaries to test unmanned remote and autonomous systems — for an undisclosed amount. The company said that it will make use of Saline, Michigan-based Quantum’s “extensive experience” in real-time simulation to build out its transportation-as-a-service (TaaS) platform, as well as uses that support functional safety and other vehicle technologies.
  • Ford has partnered or invested with four different technology companies that doubling its presence in Silicon Valley. The effort to build fully autonomous vehicles by 2021 is the main pillar of Ford Smart Mobility.

General Motors

General Motors is another contender to introduce highly-autonomous vehicles prior to its competitors. Among the player, it has the most aggressive test plans for autonomous vehicles.

General Motors plans to test thousands of autonomous electric Chevrolet Bolt cars through ride-sharing affiliate Lyft Inc. in 2018. No other automaker has such aggressive test plans prior to 2020. 

Strategic plans and initiatives:

  • On Mar 15, 2018, General Motors announced that it would start making the production of its self-driving electric Chevy Bolts in Michigan facility by spending $100 million. The cars, which GM calls the “Cruise AV,” will be the automaker’s first production-ready vehicle built from the ground up to operate with no steering wheel, pedals, or manual controls.
  • On April 3, 2019, Three major automakers General Motors Co, Ford Motor Co, and Toyota Motor Corp joined forces with automotive engineering group SAE International to form a consortium to help draw up safety standards for autonomous cars that could eventually help create regulations in the United States.
  • On July 10, 2018, as per RBC Capital Market, Cruise could be worth a whopping $43 billion. The startup has been growing at a fast speed ever since its acquisition for $581 million. GM said that it hopes to increase Cruise’s headcount to 1,648 in California by 2021 thanks to a tax-credit package worth $8 million approved by state officials in 2017.
  • In 2018, General Motors filed a trademark for something called “Ultra Cruise.” The new technology would have even more capability than Super Cruise. The technology further can continue to improve with the number of places you can use it. 
  • On Oct 3, 2018, Honda announced that it’s taken a stake in General Motors subsidiary Cruise Holdings as part of a plan for the Japanese and American automakers to work together developing and building an autonomous vehicle. The investment of $2.8 billion over the next 12 years includes Honda paying GM $750 million immediately as it takes a 5.7 percent stake in Cruise Holdings.
  • On February 06, 2019, General Motors stated that they spent much less than it expected last year on its Cruise autonomous vehicle operations. As part of its 2018 earnings report, GM said it spent $728 million on the business which is almost $270 million less than what they estimated.
  • On March 12, 2019, GM announced that it is hiring 1,000 people over the next year to work on Cruise autonomous vehicle operations. The hiring spree would double the amount of staff currently under the Cruise and would mark a major investment in autonomous efforts.
  • On Mar 20, 2019, USPTO published a new patent filed by GM which mentions a way to convert any or every vehicle into a self-driving one.
  • On July 8, 2019, the Trump administration approved Softbank’s $2.25 billion investment in General Motors’ (GM) self-driving unit, Cruise Automation. After the investment, SoftBank would own nearly 19.6% of GM Cruise. General Motors also announced that it would contribute ~$1.1 billion in its GM Cruise subsidiary after the SoftBank transaction closed.
  • On July 24, 2019, GM CEO Dan Ammann said that Cruise will launch an autonomous taxi service on the challenging crowded streets of San Francisco.

Audi

In January 2017, Audi announced that it has plans to launch its highly automated vehicle in 2020 and a level 3 vehicle by the end of 2017. The company announced to use NVIDIA’s AI technology in its autonomous vehicle. 

In 2017, Volkswagen-owned Audi started a new subsidiary focused on autonomous driving. This new unit is named Autonomous Intelligent Driving and it works for the entire Volkswagen Group. 

Strategic plans and initiatives:

  • On June 26, 2018, Audi announced that it has partnered with autonomous vehicle simulation platform provider Cognata Ltd to speed up the development of autonomous vehicles. Cognata simulation platform virtually recreates real-world cities, thus can provide Audi a range of testing scenarios, including traffic models that simulate realistic conditions, prior to physical roadway tests of autonomous vehicles.
  • On July 27, 2018, Audi unveiled a second-generation version of its Q3 compact SUV, a larger and more comfortable form with semi-autonomous driving features. The new SUV will be heading to the Paris Motor Show and is expected in dealerships by the end of 2018.
  • On October 11, 2018, Huawei and Audi have announced a partnership on intelligent connected vehicles, with the networking giant’s Mobile Data Center (MDC) being integrated into the Audi Q7 as a showcase prototype. Both Huawei and Audi signed a memorandum of understanding for manufacturing intelligent connected vehicles together back in July. Besides, Audi was also working with Ericsson on the use of 5G technologies during automotive production and smart factories.
  • On Nov 27, 2018, German automaker Audi, Airbus, and Italdesign presented a scaled-down version of its vision of the future. The vision includes a drone that can pluck the cab off an autonomous electric vehicle and then fly off to its intended destination.
  • On Dec 4, 2018, Audi said that it will invest €14 billion ($15.95 billion) over the next 5 years on transportation technologies such as electric mobility, autonomous driving, and digital services. Audi’s total projected expenditure for the five-year planning period will be €40 billion ($45.6 billion). These investments will include spending on property, factories, and equipment, as well as research and development. 
  • On December 18, 2018, Autonomous Intelligent Driving (AID), Audi’s driverless technology spinoff announced a collaboration with Alto startup Luminar and a supplier for Volkswagen Group brands, such as VW and Porsche, to accelerate the goal of bringing fully self-driving cars in markets by 2021.

Nissan – Renault

Nissan is one of the first movers in the segment and started the initiatives as early as in 2013. It unveiled its first public prototype in 2013 at the Nissan 360 event in California and announced that it will launch a highly-automated vehicle by 2020. Since then it has been testing an autonomous Nissan LEAF on the roads of Tokyo and Detroit.

Strategic plans and initiatives:

  • On Feb 22, 2018, Nissan Motor and DeNA announced that field tests of Easy Ride, the self-driving taxi service they developed together, will begin next month in Japan. This means that Nissan and DeNA now rank among Uber, Lyft, GM, Didi Chuxing and other companies pioneering self-driving taxi pilots, with the goal of launching commercially within the next few years.
  • On Mar 28, 2018, Nissan said that it had included ProPilot Assist in the 2018 Leaf electric car and top-selling Rogue SUV. With the addition of the Altima, Nissan already established itself as a leader, offering highly automated driving in its mass-market vehicles.
  • On June 20, 2019, Renault-Nissan announced that they entered into a partnership with Waymo for the development of self-driving systems for vehicles that will carry both passengers and haul packages. The companies said they will work together exclusively to develop technology for vehicles that could be deployed in France and Japan.
  • On July 23, 2019, Nissan announced that its new revised ProPilot 2.0 now includes facial recognition software and 3D mapping navigation in addition to a massive upgrade of its cameras and sensors. For the first time, a driver will be able to experience no-hands driving from the on-ramp to the off-ramp of highways, according to Nissan.

Tesla

In April 2017, Tesla’s CEO, Elon Musk, confirmed that Tesla will be able to launch a Level 5 vehicle within the next two years, depending on software validation and regulatory updates.

It is the most aggressive timeline provided by any other automaker. Elon Musk also said that by the end of 2017, Tesla will bring a car that can drive itself from Los Angeles to New York City, no human needed.

Strategic plans and initiatives:

  • On Jun 5, 2018, Elon Musk announced plans for a free trial of Autopilot to be released within the next couple of months. The enhanced Autopilot would cost an additional $5,000 at purchase in the current generation of Teslas, or an additional $1,000 if it’s purchased after the car itself.
  • On Aug 1, 2018, Tesla announced that it will create its own AI chips for self-driving cars. By having its own AI chips, the company can build for its own needs at a faster pace.
  • On Aug 11, 2018, Elon Musk announced the plan to make the autonomous software found in Tesla units available on open-source platforms. Musk has often noted growing concerns over hackers getting access to Tesla’s software and preventing a large-scale hack is one of Tesla’s biggest security priorities.
  • On Jul 16, 2019, Tesla announced to increase the price of the “full self-driving” version of its Autopilot driver assistance system by around $1,000 starting August 16th. The higher-tier package currently costs $6,000 if customers choose the option when buying a car, but the company will charge $8,000 if they decide to upgrade after taking delivery.
  • On July 31, 2019, Tesla launched its Full Self-Driving computer claiming that it is ‘objectively the best chip in the world’. They claimed a factor of 21 improvements in frames per second processing versus the previous generation Tesla Autopilot hardware, which was powered by Nvidia hardware. According to the company, its new computer can process 2,300 frames per second and perform 144 trillions of operations per second.

BMW

In March 2017, BMW announced its plan to launch Level 5 autonomous cars by 2021. The primary aim of BMW is to gain a competitive advantage in the space by launching a level 5 autonomous vehicle while most of the other competitors are running for level 4 cars.

Strategic plans and initiatives:

  • On Mar 21, 2018, BMW announced the heavy investment in research and development of new electric cars which could set the investment an all-time high this year.
  • On April 4, 2018, In Unterschleißheim (near Munich, Germany), BMW opened the facility that will help with the systematic development of highly and fully automated driving at the BMW Group.
  • On April 26, 2018, BMW inked a deal with Innoviz, an Israeli startup building LiDAR remote sensing technology for self-driving cars, to use the company’s sensors and computer vision software in autonomous BMW vehicles.
  • On May 16, 2018, BMW announced that they were given the German automaker the green light to test its autonomous tech on public roads in China, according to an agreement with Chinese authorities.
  • On Jul 10, 2018, Chinese internet search giant Baidu and Germany’s BMW Group announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the BMW Group to join Baidu’s Apollo, the company’s open autonomous driving platform, as a board member. The agreement marks the beginning of a new partnership on autonomous driving between the BMW Group and Baidu.
  • On Oct 24, 2018, BMW Group announced a partnership with India’s KPIT and Austria’s TTTech for software development, which aimed to move ahead with the scalable autonomous driving platform and to work together on the development of Level 3 and Level 4/5 functions (Highway Pilot and Urban Pilot).
  • On December 8, 2018, BMW announced the new head of its driver assistance and autonomous driving development department i.e. Alejandro Vukotich who will be taking a start from January 2019. Vukotich will replace Elmar Frickenstein, who has been in charge of the department since it was created in May 2016.
  • On Jan 10, 2019, At CES, BMW provided demonstrations of its self-riding motorcycle. The motorcycle can start, slow down, turn, and stop by itself. The invention is an accomplishment of a suite of proprietary software housed in some hard pack cases mounted on the back of the bike — an otherwise stock-looking R 1200 GS, save for the inclusion of a tall radio antenna on the rear.
  • On April 2, 2019, Self-driving cars start-up Aurora teamed up with BMW and Daimler to develop self-driving cars, the technology company’s Chief Executive Chris Urmson said.
  • On Apr 03, 2019, Israel’s Globes publishes that BMW is on a path to start testing its autonomous vehicles in Israel by the end of the year. The German automaker will reportedly have a fleet of self-driving vehicles on the road in the country which also coincides with when BMW plans to open an R&D center in Israel, too.
  • On April 08, 2019, DXC Technology signed an agreement to support BMW’s autonomous vehicle development via the High-Performance D3 platform. DXC provides services that help deliver and simplify data analysis and algorithmic training to reduce the time and cost to develop autonomous vehicles.
  • On May 15th, 2019, a recent report from Automotive News said that the FCA brand and Maserati will be using technology developed by BMW on its cars. The exact timeline is yet to be confirmed, but this is the first report about autonomous tech being shared by BMW with any other car maker.
  • On June 10, 2019, ANSYS and BMW Group announced the industry’s first holistic simulation toolchain for developing autonomous vehicle (AV) technologies. The simulation toolchain will enable highly automated and autonomous driving (AD) with the first vehicle launch expected in just two years.
  • On July 7, 2019, BMW and Mercedes-Benz joined forces primarily to reduce the cost and lead time of autonomous driving technology. The two companies committed 1,200 autonomous technicians, built a trio of self-driving test centers in Germany, and are sharing a data storage center dedicated to the tech. The group is attempting to build driver-assist programming in rapid fashion.
  • On Jul 11, 2019, BMW China announced its partnership with China Unicom to test autonomous cars using 5G networks. This is the first partnership between a global automaker and the state-owned mobile carrier. The collaboration highlights China’s accelerated pace in developing connected vehicles using 5G networks.
  • On Jul 15, 2019, BMW China announced that it is looking to expand its autonomous driving in China as they entered into a partnership with Beijing-based navigation company NavInfo to develop high-precision maps for autonomous cars.
  • On July 22, 2019, BMW Brilliance Automotive (BBA) become the first automobile manufacturer to enable full 5G wireless coverage at all its plants. The new wireless standard allows large quantities of data to be transferred within a very short space of time thus making the process faster. 
  • On July 31, 2019, BMW’s investment arm – BMW i Ventures division – announced an addition to its portfolio; Recogni – a company seeks to solve the problem of processing power for autonomous cars. The US-based company is founded by RK Anand, along with Ashwini Choudhary, Eye-Fi founder Eugene Feinberg, former Lilium sensor systems engineer Gilles Backhus, and Valerie Chan.
  • On Jul 19, 2019, BMW announced that it is extending its partnership with NavInfo, a high-precision map producer. The company is also teaming up with Chinese internet giant Tencent to use big data to research and develop autonomous driving technologies.

Honda

Honda is comparatively less vocal about autonomous cars. On the other hand, it has indeed taken strong steps towards testing and launching driverless cars. Honda has been roiling out semi-autonomous functionalities, comprising forward-collision warning, lane- departure warning, and lane-keeping assistance.

You might have seen these features in Honda Acuras and the Civic year 2016 models.

Strategic plans and initiatives:

  • In 2015, Honda received consent from California to test independent vehicles on public streets (with limitations on the number of vehicles and the testing methods). Honda is using the GoMentum Station proving ground, with 5,100 acres of a testing area for its self-driving fleet.
  • In 2016, Honda launched a new Civic LX, priced at $20,440, Sedan with features such as automatic braking and cruise control. Honda Sensing technologies installed in Civic include Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and Lane Keep Assist (LKAS) that help the car follow the vehicles ahead and keep itself in the correct lane.
  • On January 03, 2018, Honda Motor announced its partnership with Alibaba Group Holding on developing services for connected cars. Now, a good number of automakers have already started working with Chinese internet conglomerates in hopes of making further inroads into the world’s largest auto market.
  • On June 15, 2018, Honda Motor announced that it joined a consortium led by Chinese tech giant Baidu aimed at advancing autonomous driving technology, hoping to carve out a share as China races to become the world’s largest market for self-driving vehicles.
  • On Oct 3, 2018, Honda Motor Co. Ltd. announced its investment of $2 billion and take a 5.7% stake in General Motors Co’s Cruise self-driving vehicle unit. The investment also extends the cooperation between the two automakers in a technology that has enormous costs and risk but no market-ready products.
  • On Oct 8, 2018, Honda said to introduce, in a limited capacity, its “Smart Intersection” technology, that could help cut down on accidents that take place on cross paths. The company was also working on launching a test run of the technology in the city of Marysville, Ohio, as part of its 33 Smart Mobility Corridor project.
  • On December 18, 2018, Honda stated that it has been testing prototypes in search and rescue, firefighting, construction, agriculture, landscaping, and snow removal applications, and is looking for partners to come on board to further the technology.

Toyota

Earlier Toyota was reluctant to launch an autonomous car; however, since Mid-2016 it took a completely different approach to the autonomous vehicle. It now spends nearly $10 billion a year on researching autonomous vehicle technology. 

Toyota plans to launch a highly autonomous vehicle by 2021.

Strategic plans and initiatives:

  • On Mar 2, 2018, Toyota announced a new company called Toyota Research Institute-Advanced Development, or TRI-AD for pursuing its self-driving car goals. The company will be formed in conjunction with automotive supplier Aisin Seiki and Denso. They also planned to invest $2.8 billion into TRI-AD in the upcoming years and hire around 1,000 employees in order to develop software systems to powerfully self-driving vehicles.
  • On April 12, 2018, the truck divisions of Toyota and Volkswagen agreed to work together in electric vehicles and self-driving technology. As per the agreement, Hino Motors and Volkswagen Truck & Bus GmbH will co-operate in procurement and logistics in addition to hybrid engines, connectivity, and other technologies.
  • On June 13, 2018, Toyota Motor Corp announced that it agreed to buy a $1 billion stake in Southeast Asia’s Grab. This would make the biggest investment by a carmaker into a ride-hailing firm. The deal comes as the auto industry faces a spike in the need for technological prowess with the advent of features such as autonomous driving, while app makers offer passengers the option to forgo car purchases by connecting them with drivers.
  • On October 4, 2018, Toyota and SoftBank formed a joint venture to use autonomous vehicles for providing services. The business, which will be called Monet Technologies Corp, will start with 2bn yen (£13.5m) offering the Japanese market ride-hailing services for public agencies and private companies, before looking to go global.
  • On Dec 13, 2018, Toyota AI Ventures contributed to Parallel Domain’s $2.65 million seed round led by Costanoa Ventures, with participation from Ubiquity Ventures and others.
  • On March 19, 2019, Toyota Research Institute-Advanced Development (TRI-AD) announced a new collaboration with NVIDIA to develop, train, and validate self-driving vehicles. The partnership builds on an ongoing relationship with Toyota to utilize the NVIDIA DRIVE AGX Xavier AV computer and is based on close development between teams from NVIDIA, TRI-AD in Japan and Toyota Research Institute (TRI) in the United States.
  • On May 2, 2019, Toyota announced a $100 million venture funding to invest in autonomous driving and robotic technology start-ups as automakers increasingly push into the self-driving market.
  • On May 30, 2019, Toyota Research Institute-Advanced Development Inc. (TRI-AD) and joined forces with Carmera Inc. to conduct a proof of concept about developing camera-based automation of high-definition (HD) maps for urban and surface roads.
  • On July 24, 2019, Toyota made a new investment of $600 million in DiDi Chuxing to set up a joint venture to provide Toyota vehicle-related services to drivers on Didi’s ride-sharing platform.
  • On Jul 16, 2019, Toyota Motor Europe (TME) announced the beginning of autonomous driving (AD) on public roads in Europe. After successful simulations and trials on closed circuits, TME is testing its in-house developed autonomous driving technology in the city center of Brussels, Belgium. The tests will include a modified Lexus LS sedan navigating a fixed loop in the city over the next 13 months.
  • On July 10, 2019, Toyota Motor Corp and auto-parts maker Denso Corp agreed to set up a joint venture to develop next-generation automotive semiconductors. As the industry moves toward connected and autonomous vehicles, the venture will help in focusing on components such as power modules for electric vehicles and periphery monitoring sensors for automated vehicles.

Mercedes Benz (Daimler)

Like its competitors, Mercedes has also begun to take significant steps toward self-driving cars during the last couple of years. Mercedes started deploying semi-automated advanced driver assistance systems to many of its newer models.

Mercedes faced some challenges when it tried to market its new E-class sedan as a self-driving car in its new 2017 advertisement. The company had to pull the ad due to pressure from consumer groups that claimed the ad overstated the capabilities of the vehicle.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On June 7, 2018, Daimler’s trucks division set up a research and development center for autonomous driving in the United States. The recent move of the German manufacturer’s commitment to getting self-driving trucks on the road.
  • On July 6, 2018, Daimler received the green light to start testing highly automated vehicles on public roads in China. It is the first international automaker to receive the approval and the company is all starting to test in Beijing.
  • On September 10, 2018, Daimler AG developed an autonomous electric vehicle that can toggle between a people carrier and a delivery van as the German manufacturer seeks an edge over rivals such as Alphabet Inc.’s Waymo and Deutsche Post AG in shaping the future of mobility.
  • On October 3, 2018, Renault-Nissan Chief Executive Carlos Ghosn told a news conference in Paris that the company may expand its cooperation with Daimler for battery, autonomous cars technology, and mobility services. It could be an advantage for the companies to pursue different avenues of battery research and to pool their findings, as the industry seeks better battery chemistry for electric cars.
  • On October 24, 2018, Germany’s Daimler announced to set up a ride-hailing joint venture in China with Geely Group. The partnership was a sign that the Chinese firm is making progress in its drive for closer relations with the maker of Mercedes-Benz cars. The possibility of autonomous cars hitting the road has intensified competition between technology companies, ride-hailing firms, and traditional carmakers to roll out fleets of smartphone-hailed taxis, or strike cooperation deals.
  • On March 29, 2019, Daimler Trucks agreed to buy a majority stake in Torc Robotics, a self-driving truck software maker, as part of a broader push to develop autonomous vehicles. Torc Robotics can help Daimler accelerate software development by giving the German manufacturer access to 120 skilled staff, Daimler Trucks CEO Martin Daum said.
  • On May 31, 2019, Daimler Trucks formed a global autonomous driving group, i.e. Autonomous Technology Group (ATG), to help reach its goal of having autonomous trucks on US roads by 2020.
  • On July 08, 2019, Two German giants – BMW Group and Daimler AG – joined forces in developing autonomous driving technologies. The representative of the two companies planned a collaboration earlier this year and now an official agreement for long-term strategic cooperation has been signed.
  • On Jul 23, 2019, Daimler, the parent company of Mercedes-Benz, and Bosch, a global auto supplier, announced that they received approval from local authorities in Stuttgart, Germany, to test an autonomous parking valet system. The testing will take place in the Mercedes-Benz Museum parking garage, which has been fitted with sensors to guide and monitor the vehicles as they park themselves autonomously.

Volkswagen

In September 2015, Volkswagen was summoned by the United States Environmental Protection Agency for cheating on emissions tests to certify diesel vehicles around the world. 

Volkswagen admitted the scandal and agreed to recall all the vehicles in question. The cost of fines and recalling vehicles was estimated well over $20 Billion. Post this serious setback, the company has shifted its focus towards autonomous cars. Volkswagen already showcased a prototype of its first driverless car in 2017.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On CES 2018, NVIDIA announced autonomous vehicle partnerships with Volkswagen. it comes after NVIDIA’s announcement that it will be making Xavier, the AI chip made for self-driving vehicles it announced in 2016, available to customers. Volkswagen will use the technology to bring to life their previously announced I.D. buzz electric bus, combining the look of a vintage VW van and the future of driverless cars.
  • On January 5, 2018, Volkswagen joined forces with Aurora, the Silicon Valley company headed by Google’s former self-driving chief Chris Urmson, to research and develop autonomous cars. The deal will also help the automaker offering the technology from Aurora to help adapt to a self-driving future.
  • On April 13, 2018, as part of a pilot project, Volkswagen, Audi, and Porsche vehicles tested for autonomous parking within a multi-story car park near Hamburg Airport’s terminal.
  • On May 2, 2018, Chinese ride-hailing giant Didi Chuxing approached an agreement with Volkswagen (VW) to deploy a “purpose-built” fleet of VW vehicles in its home country. The deal would help Didi quickly scale up its autonomous driving technologies and maximize their revenue-generating potential. The ride-hailing behemoth — it counts over 400 million users — has been working on autonomous driving technologies for at least the last two years.
  • On May 24, 2018, Apple reportedly signed a deal with Volkswagen to make self-driving vehicles. At present, the agreement is believed to center on Volkswagen’s T6 transporters, which Apple plans to adapt into self-driving shuttles for employees on its campus – the so-called Palo Alto Infinite Loop (PAIL) – but it has the potential to expand into a wider collaboration.
  • On June 11, 2018, IOTA and Volkswagen demonstrated a Proof of Concept (POC) using IOTA’s Tangle for interconnected vehicles. IOTA’s Tangle is a sophisticated form of blockchain, a DAG, without blocks or miners, designed specifically for machine-to-machine communication. A Tangle has both suitable infrastructure for microtransactions and improved scalability which are vital for autonomous vehicles.
  • On August 29, 2018, Volkswagen Group acquired a minority stake in eastern German software startup FDTech, in a bid to strengthen its expertise in autonomous-driving technologies.
  • On Nov 5, 2018, The Volkswagen Group, Intel’s Mobileye, and Champion Motors announced a joint venture called New Mobility in Israel to deploy Israel’s first self-driving ride-hailing service in 2019.
  • On November 16, 2018, Volkswagen Group announced it will spend 44 billion euros ($50.2 billion) on electric vehicles, digitalization, autonomous driving, and new mobility services by 2023. The automaker also plans to increase the productivity of its factories by 30 percent by 2025, by building more vehicles with different brands on the same production line.
  • On May 28, 2019, Volkswagen revealed that it has set scientists in Wolfsburg, Germany, on the task of studying motion sickness in autonomous cars and developing anti-puke solutions.
  • On May 31, 2019, The German automaker signed an agreement with JAC and the Hefei city government Barcelona, Spain. As a part of the agreement, Volkswagen planned to roll out autonomous vehicles and offer mobility services such as ride-hailing and short-term rental in Hefei with local partner Jianghuai Automobile.
  • On Jun 11, 2019, Volkswagen Group ended the partnership with Aurora Innovation, the autonomy startup founded by former Google self-driving head Chris Urmson.
  • On Jul 12, 2019, As part of the deal, VW announced an investment of $2.6 billion in Argo AI, the autonomous vehicle startup based in Pittsburgh which also got the investment of an eye-popping $1 billion from Ford. Besides, Ford and Volkswagen also announced their plan to expand their seven-month-old alliance to include autonomous and electric vehicles.
  • On July 15, 2019, Volkswagen autonomous driving executive, Alexander Hitzinger revealed that the company will launch small fleets of autonomous vehicles “in the near future.” The executive also suggested these fleets will be limited in scope as legal, economic and technological challenges that need to be solved. So, the company can launch a “large-scale deployment” of autonomous production models.
  • On Aug 5, 2019, Electrify America, a subsidiary of Volkswagen Group of America, said that it will work with fleet charging firm Stable Auto to roll out robotic fast charging systems for self-driving electric vehicles (EVs).

Kia-Hyundai

Kia, an affiliate of Hyundai Motors aims to launch a fully-autonomous vehicle by 2030. On the other hand, Hyundai is exploring the market differently from the other players. It is trying to build technology that will be reasonable for a good portion of car buyers.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On May 21, 2018, Hyundai Mobis outlined its plans to become a leader in innovative vehicle technologies. The company has set a goal of releasing fully operational autonomous driving sensors, pivotal to the successful operation of autonomous vehicles by 2020.
  • On Feb 18, 2018, Hyundai demoed Level-4 autonomous driving with a fleet of fuel cell electric cars across a distance of 190km. The manufacturer’s electric units were driven from Seoul to Pyeongchang in South Korea.
  • On February 28, 2019, Hyundai planned to invest 45.3 trillion won ($40 billion) in the development of new models and technologies for electrified and autonomous vehicles as well as transportation services for the next five years.
  • On October 10, 2018, Mobis Technical Centre, India (HMTCI), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hyundai Mobis of South Korea, announced its collaboration with Tata Elxsi for the development of Synthetic Scene Generator Tool. HMTCI and Tata Elxsi are working on developing a tool that can replicate every real-world scenario an automobile could encounter. This tool would help accelerate the ongoing research and development support HMTCI is providing to its OEMs in Autonomous Driving.
  • On November 5, 2018, Hyundai announced a strategic investment in Allegro.ai, a start-up focused on developing deep learning technologies for our future cars. The South Korean-based firm said its interest in Allegro.ai is based in the firm’s deep learning technologies used for computer vision in self-driving vehicles.
  • On November 5, 2018, Tech giant Samsung Electronics, automaker Hyundai Motor, and telecommunications company KT announced that they will jointly showcase autonomous driving technology running on the 5G network later this month. The three conglomerates will demonstrate autonomous vehicles running on the next-generation network in an event to celebrate the opening of K-City, a self-driving vehicle testing and research facility in Hwaseong City, Gyeonggi Province, in late November.
  • On December 4, 2018, Hyundai MnSoft, a Hyundai Motor Group subsidiary specializing in location-based services (LBS), got partnered with, Netradyne, an AI technology to focus on driver and fleet safety, for cloud-based connected navigation software and future high definition (HD) maps for autonomous vehicles.
  • On April 1, 2019, Hyundai Mobis Co appointed Gregory Baratoff and Carsten Weiss as heads of its Autonomous Vehicles System Development Center and IVI (in-vehicle infotainment) System Development Center, respectively. This is the first time the Korean automaker gave the opportunity to non-Korean experts as R&D heads, breaking its long tradition of placing only Koreans at the control tower to stay competitive in the race for future mobility technologies.
  • On April 6, 2019, Hyundai Motor Co and Chinese technology firm Tencent Holdings announced their plan to conduct joint research and development on safety and security systems for self-driving cars, which Hyundai seeks to roll out commercially by 2030.
  • On June 13, 2019, Hyundai Motor Group announced that it’s expanding its partnership with the Silicon Valley self-driving start-up, Aurora, by investing more money to develop autonomous cars. Hyundai and Kia are joining Aurora’s series B financing round. Aurora declined to disclose the amount of Hyundai’s investment but said the round has now raised more than $600m, including $530m originally announced in February.
  • On July 2, 2019, Hyundai Autron, a Hyundai Motor Group company, and Wind River signed a partnership to develop an autonomous driving and connectivity software platform to power next-generation automobiles. The partnership will leverage each company’s specialties and experiences to develop a best-in-class software platform for functional safety and Adaptive AUTOSAR for next-generation autonomous driving and connectivity for the global market.
  • On July 11, 2019, Hyundai Motor Co. said that it moved up the start of its volume production of autonomous vehicles to 2024, around the time when Mercedes, BMW, and other global automakers are expected to begin mass production of self-driving cars. Hyundai Motor plans to introduce sophisticated autonomous driving technology that can be used on all courses, not autonomous driving which can be used only on simple courses based on current deep learning technology.
  • On July 11, 2019, Russian tech giant Yandex inked a deal with Hyundai to build self-driving car tech for the latter’s Mobis division, marking the company’s first official partnership with an automaker. This morning, Yandex revealed the fruit of its labor with an autonomous Hyundai 2020 Sonata that is launching this fall with Yandex’s software and sensor suite.
  • On July 16, 2019,  according to local reports in South Korea, Hyundai Motor said it plans to begin trials of an autonomous taxi fleet in Russia later this year. The Korean automaker is working with the Russian internet search engine company Yandex, which has been testing autonomous vehicles on public roads in Russia since 2017.
  • On July 22, 2019, Using high-performance small digital cameras, Hyundai Mobis, a parts-making unit of South Korea’s Hyundai auto group, developed a camera monitoring system that would be used widely for mirrorless next-generation and self-driving vehicles.
  • On July 30, 2019,  Hyundai Autron and Wind River® signed a partnership to develop an autonomous driving and connectivity software platform to power next-generation automobiles. A signing ceremony was conducted at Wind River headquarters in Alameda, California.

Jaguar – Land Rover

In October 2015, JLR launched a new £11 million research program in collaboration with Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for the development of autonomous and connected vehicle technology. This research will take place at ten UK universities and the Transport Research Laboratory. Jaguar Land Rover also joined a $7.9M UK program for further autonomous driving R&D, aiming to gather data on driving habits and test vehicle communications technology. This project is led by a German-based Robert Bosch Group.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On June 12, 2017, The UK-automaker Jaguar Land Rover invested $25 million in Lyft to support the ride-hail company’s autonomous and connected vehicle activities. The money was invested through InMotion, Jaguar Land Rover’s mobility services subsidiary, and was included in Lyft’s latest round of fundraising, which ended in April 2018.
  • On June 22, 2017, Jaguar Land Rover fired its most powerful shot yet into the realm of autonomous vehicles: a self-driving Range Rover Sport. The vehicle is capable of Level 4 autonomous driving which means it can theoretically handle itself in just about every conceivable driving scenario within a selected environment.
  • On November 17, 2017, Jaguar Land Rover said that it has been testing driverless cars on public roads. The trials have been underway for several weeks on a half-mile route in Coventry city center. The vehicles rely on sensors to detect traffic, pedestrians, and signals but have a human on board to react to emergencies.
  • On January 15, 2018, Jaguar Land Rover announced that it will open a new R&D center in the UK. The £24bn revenue firm says it is developing fully and semi-automated driving technologies and looking to hire more experts in AI, safety critical systems, and vehicle architecture.
  • On March 23, 2018, Automotive group Jaguar Land Rover and Chinese technology giant Baidu began new self-driving car tests. Despite the US accident, Beijing has given the go-ahead for Baidu to test driverless cars on 33 roads – the first time a company has been given permission to conduct open-road tests in the Chinese capital.
  • On Jun 4, 2018, Jaguar Land Rover pumped £3.7 million into a project that will see autonomous driving technology developed for off-road use. The British firm wants its autonomous vehicles to be the most capable on the market and able to tackle the widest range of terrains including off-road. Vehicles such as the Discovery and Discovery Sport will eventually be fitted with Level 4 and Level 5 autonomous technology.
  • On September 4, 2018, Jaguar Land Rover created self-driving cars with eyes that are used to communicate with pedestrians when it’s safe to cross in front of them. Currently being tested in Coventry, England, the prototype autonomous vehicles sport two eyes in front, giving them a friendly face.
  • On October 10, 2018, Jaguar Land Rover’s autonomous Range Rover Sport became the first autonomous vehicle to drive itself a round-about which it calls one of the most challenging journeys in the UK. The demonstration was part of the £20 million government-funded UK Autodrive project, in which around a dozen cars and pods took part.
  • On November 01, 2018, Jaguar Land Rover announced that it is developing a system for autonomous cars that will detect motion sickness in individual passengers and automatically adjust settings until they feel better. The company collected over 15,000 miles of data on car sickness and tested the effects of carrying out tasks like checking emails while in transit.
  • On Jan 23, 2019, Jaguar Land Rover developed a system that projects an autonomous vehicle’s direction of travel on the road ahead. The system casts a series of bars on the road to indicate when it’s turning, setting off or stopping. The gap between the bars can expand or shrink to indicate changes in speed.
  • On July 5, 2019, Jaguar Land Rover and Waymo announced a long‑term strategic partnership. The two companies are working together to develop the world’s first premium self‑driving electric vehicle for Waymo’s driverless on-demand transportation service.

Continental AG

Continental AG, the German carmaker has taken a gradual route to launch autonomous cars. Unlike other players, it is taking a more cautious approach to the race. The company believes that it will be better placed if they slowly implement driver-assisted technologies such as automatic braking and pedestrian detection.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On January 4, 2018, Continental and Bosch, the world’s largest automotive suppliers, have each bought a 5 percent stake in digital mapping firm HERE, as the industry pool resources with major carmakers to develop self-driving cars.
  • On Feb 5, 2018, Auto supplier Continental and chip supplier NVIDIA announced a partnership to create Artificial Intelligence self-driving vehicle systems based on NVIDIA’s computing platform, with a planned market introduction in 2021 for Level 3 autonomous features. The partnership enables the development of AI computer systems scaling up from modest Level 2 features to full Level 5 self-driving capabilities, where the vehicle has no steering wheel or pedals.
  • On April 27, 2018, Continental said that it is expanding its global development activities for the safe launch of automated driving. The engineers are now testing their prototype vehicles on autobahns in Lower Saxony under real traffic conditions. The prototypes are always monitored and operated by a development expert in the driver’s seat. Continental is developing sensors, vehicle computers, operating systems, and software for automated driving, particularly in Japan, China, the US, and Germany.
  • On October 30, 2018, Continental said that it had hired Dirk Abendroth, a former BMW executive now employed at Chinese carmaker Byton, to become chief technology officer at the German auto supplier’s Automotive division. Abendroth will be responsible for technology trend scouting, research and development, and combining Continental’s autonomous driving and connected mobility efforts.
  • On Nov 18, 2018, Germany automotive component maker Continental has announced that the company will be commencing work on driverless mobility solutions with French autonomous vehicle technology company, EasyMile. Both companies have signed an MoU and will have a joint R&D team in place at the Continental’s Singapore based facility.
  • On Dec 13, 2018, Continental introduced an intelligent door brake system and smart autonomous door support system that is intended to support convenient opening and closing operations and avoiding uncontrolled slamming. The obstacle detection function has been designed to prevent dents and paint scratches in traffic scenarios.
  • On January 10, 2019, German automotive company Continental said that it wants to use a system of autonomous vans packed with dog-like four-legged robots to deliver packages. The company revealed its vision for the future of goods and parcel delivery this week at tech show CES in Las Vegas, where it held a press conference with a prototype of one of the robots on stage.
  • On July 18, 2019, Continental AG announced that it has developed a smart voice assistant for usage in vehicles. The company claims, this smart voice assistant can understand multiple questions in one sentence and detect logical connections. Continental claims that the system also comes with a hybrid solution like a cloud connection and it also gets smart algorithms and system architecture precisely tailored for cars.
  • On August 1, 2019, Continental said that it is using the technologies such as ABS, radar, and redundant brake system in series production for robo-taxis for the first time. This year, Continental’s technology for driverless vehicles will be in production for the first time in French company EasyMile’s EZ10 autonomous shuttle. Continental has held a stake in this driverless vehicle manufacturer since 2017.
  • On August 09, 2019, Baidu and Elekrobit signed a strategic partnership with Apollo Computing Unit, an advanced in-vehicle computing platform for autonomous driving owned by the Chinese company. Elektrobit is a supplier of embedded and connected software products and services for the automotive industry, wholly owned by Continental. The company claims that its software powers more than one billion devices in over 100 million vehicles.

Aptiv (Delphi)

Aptiv, previously known as Delphi, is a global technology company that develops safer, greener, and more connected solutions enabling the future of mobility. The company is focused on developing and commercializing autonomous vehicles and systems that enable point-to-point mobility via large fleets of autonomous vehicles in challenging urban driving environments. 

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On October 24, 2017, Delphi Automotive PLC announced that it signed an agreement to acquire nuTonomy, Inc. for an upfront purchase price of $400 million and earn-outs totaling approximately $50 million.
  • On May 3, 2018, as part of its partnership with ridesharing giant Lyft, Aptiv launched a fleet of 30 autonomous vehicles in Las Vegas for commuting convenience. The fleet of 30 cars will operate using Aptiv’s fully-integrated autonomous driving platform and will be equipped with Aptiv’s mobility technology.
  • In Aug 2018, Aptiv announced that they are teaming up Rental car company Hertz for implementing fleets of autonomous vehicles, starting with a pilot program of an initial 75 vehicles in Las Vegas, to launch this fall. Aptiv had already been testing a fleet of 30 self-driving BMW in Las Vegas since May. The cars were available through the Lyft ride-hailing platform.
  • On March 29, 2019,  Aptiv said that it wants to help advanced research into computer vision and autonomous-driving technologies by sharing some of the information it has already gathered in the real world. Aptiv announced this week it will share what it’s calling the largest public dataset to date of autonomous driving data. The data is open-source and free to use.
  • On April 17, 2019, Aptiv opened an autonomous mobility center in Shanghai to focus on the development and deployment of its technology on public roads. The expansion marks the fifth market where Aptiv set up R&D, testing, or operational facilities. Aptiv has autonomous driving operations in Boston, Las Vegas, Pittsburgh, and Singapore. But the company said that China was perhaps its most ambitious endeavor. 
  • On June 4, 2019, Aptiv announced that they’ve completed more than 50,000 rides in Aptiv’s self-driving BMW 5 series vehicles via the Lyft app. The average ride received a rating of 4.97 out of 5 stars, according to Lyft, which added that 92% of riders said they felt very safe or extremely safe during the ride.

PSA Group

France-based PSA Group is one of the top European car makers to enter into space. It started testing autonomous vehicle technologies extensively from 2015 onwards and plans to launch a highly autonomous car by 2018.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On May 02, 2017, NuTonomy, a developer of software for self-driving cars, teamed with Groupe PSA to integrate its software, along with sensors and computing platforms, into fully autonomous Peugeot 3008 sport utility vehicles that have been customized by the French carmaker for the purpose.
  • On September 06, 2017, PSA Group and self-driving startup AImotive entered into a partnership to develop technology capable of level 4 autonomy, which requires no human intervention in defined conditions. The pilot will be deployed on French highways at speeds up to 80 miles an hour. The companies did not say when the pilot would launch or how many vehicles will be involved.
  • On February 09, 2018, Groupe PSA acquired a controlling interest in Jian Xin, a Chinese automotive spare parts distributor. With the acquisition, Groupe PSA will be able to accelerate the rollout of its aftermarket offering in China by rapidly establishing its position in the market representing 130 million vehicles.
  • On Mar 07, 2018, Harman International Industries, acquired by Samsung, announced a new cybersecurity collaboration with European automaker Groupe PSA. The companies revealed they are collaborating on a cybersecurity strategy for Groupe PSA’s next-generation connected and autonomous vehicles platform. The companies have worked on multiple projects together over the past two years.
  • On February 5, 2019, Groupe PSA obtained a license to begin autonomous vehicle testing on public roads in Chongqing, China. As the first French carmaker to do so in China, Groupe PSA is taking monumental strides in the development of vehicle connectivity and autonomous driving technology and reinforces the group’s commitment to the Chinese market.
  • On February 14, 2019, FCA Italy and Groupe PSA signed an agreement to extend until 2023 their successful LCV cooperation, started 40 years ago. The terms of this new agreement also include continued manufacture by the JV of Fiat Ducato, Peugeot Boxer and Citroën Jumper large vans as well as additional versions to cover the needs of Opel and Vauxhall brands.
  • On July 15, 2019, Groupe PSA and VINCI Autoroutes tested new autonomous vehicle features in Saint-Arnoult-en-Yvelines (France), following on from the trial carried out in July 2017, which led to the crossing of a tollgate in fully autonomous mode for the first time.
  • On Jul 17, 2019, in an announcement, Groupe PSA said the goal of the testing was to see how vehicles could communicate with “surrounding infrastructure in a complex urban environment.” PSA is conducting tests in the Spanish city of Vigo to “advance the development of autonomous driving”.

Bosch

Bosch, one of the world’s largest automotive suppliers, has responded to an increase in demand by dedicating more than 2,000 engineers to driver-assistance systems. The company is also partnering with GPS maker TomTom for the mapping data necessary for this endeavor. The company has projected that self-driving cars will be in action by 2020, at least on highways. In an April 2016 interview, a Bosch marketing director reiterated the company’s commitment to autonomous, connected, and electric vehicles.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On Mar 15, 2017, Nvidia announced a new partnership with Bosch to sell its Drive PX 2 driver-assist platform to automakers. In effect, the deal gives Nvidia a go-to-market strategy for its self-driving hardware and software platform. Bosch joins ZF as the two so-called tier-one suppliers that will sell Nvidia’s technology to automakers.
  • On Jun 7, 2017, Bosch and TomTom announced that they’ve teamed up for what the companies call “a breakthrough in the development of high-resolution maps for automated driving.
  • On Jun 19, 2017, Bosch announced that it is investing heavily in where the market is headed, with a newly-announced $1.1 billion facility that will produce semiconductors uses in self-driving cars, smart homes, and smart city infrastructure.
  • On February 21, 2018, Bosch bought Detroit-based ride-sharing startup SPLT (Splitting Fares Inc.), marking Bosch’s first foray into territory dominated by the likes of Uber and Lyft. SPLT was founded in 2015 and claims to have 140,000 users in the United States, Mexico, and Germany. Unlike most other ride-sharing services, SPLT is aimed specifically at commuters who travel the same route every day.
  • On Jul 25, 2018, Bosch introduced a predictive road condition service that can help make sure self-driving vehicles remain safe even on wet and icy roads. The technology takes multiple possible weather forecast scenarios from Finnish company Foreca into consideration, so a vehicle that uses it knows how and where it can drive autonomously.
  • On Oct 10, 2018, Automotive technology company Bosch said that it is calling for automated driving to be included as part of the UK driving test to help improve driver acceptance and understanding. A recent report from Thatcham highlighted a poor understanding of the levels of automation, and they recommended caution when using the word ‘autonomous’ to avoid further misunderstanding.
  • On Dec 12, 2018, Bosch said that it is following the lead of Continental and ZF by producing its own self-driving electric shuttle. A preview of the concept EV for four passengers has just been released ahead of the official debut at the CES in Vegas.
  • On Jan 21, 2019, Bosch has given the green light to test its self-driving cars on rural roads in Victoria, Australia, as it looks to refine its autonomous vehicle technology. The German multinational has received an AUD$2.3mn state government grant to test the technology on high-speed rural roads.
  • On Jan 31, 2019, Robert Bosch announced a push into parking, recharging, and maintenance services for electric and self-driving vehicles as it posted a flat annual operating profit on Wednesday. Bosch said it was in talks to expand a research alliance on autonomous vehicles and planned to invest 4 billion euros ($4.6 billion) to develop self-driving cars by 2022. Bosch has 4,000 engineers working on autonomous vehicles technology and is working with Daimler to develop self-driving cars.
  • On July 23, 2019, Bosch announced it received regulatory approval in Germany for a system that enables driverless vehicles to navigate the ramps and pillars of parking garages themselves and glide into their pre-assigned spots alone. The parking garages of the future may be designed specifically for self-driving vehicles because more cars could be packed in if they don’t need enough space for their drivers and passengers to open the doors and climb out.

Technology Companies Working On Autonomous Vehicle

Apple

In 2016, Apple confirmed for the first time that they are working on self-driven cars. It also announced its investment towards machine learning and automation. This project is internally known as Project Titan and started in 2014. However, the company is less vocal about its autonomous car projects.

Apple holds the record for the 3rd largest fleet of self-driving test vehicles in California, just behind Waymo and GM with 135 and 258 cars, respectively. Its interest in the self-driving industry is still a mystery, with reports saying that Apple intends for the technology to be used within the company. Others speculate that the tech giant is planning to compete in the self-driving market in the future. Apple has recruited an additional 33 drivers for its autonomous car project. According to a report filed with the Department of Motor Vehicles of California, Apple now has 143 pilots for their autonomous system evaluations on Lexus SUVs equipped with self-driving technology.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On Mar 20, 2018, Based on figures provided by the Department of Motor Vehicles in California, Apple had permits to test a total of 45 self-driving vehicles on public roads in its home state. That number is up from 27 just a few months ago and just three to start almost a year ago. As FT highlights, Apple’s 45 permits top of Tesla’s 39 permits and Uber’s 29 permits.
  • On May 23, 2018, Apple signed a deal with Volkswagen to turn some of the carmaker’s new T6 Transporter vans into Apple’s self-driving shuttles for employees — a project that is behind schedule and consuming nearly all of the Apple car team’s attention, said three people familiar with the project. 
  • In recent years, Apple sought partnerships with the luxury carmakers BMW and Mercedes-Benz to develop an all-electric self-driving vehicle, according to five people familiar with the negotiations.
  • On June 14, 2018, a new patent application published describes a number of different methods a self-driving car could use to figure out exactly where its owner wants to go. The patent application refers to these clues as ‘intent signals.’ One method would be the owner using an indirect steering wheel or joystick to direct the car. In this case, the steering wheel wouldn’t be connected to the car mechanically but would guide the electronics in the right direction. But the patent mostly focuses on more indirect methods.
  • On Jun 16, 2018, Apple Inc hired a senior self-driving car engineer from Alphabet’s Waymo unit. The hiring indicates a sign that the iPhone maker maintains autonomous vehicle ambitions.
  • On Dec 17, 2018, Andrew Kim, the designer who first rose to prominence with a fan-made reimagining of Microsoft’s design language, has left his role as a senior designer at Tesla to join Apple.
  • On Feb 20, 2019, Apple had an opportunity to pull back the curtain on the so-called “Project Titan” with the release of its voluntary safety report to federal regulators. In the report, Apple describes its interest in self-driving systems in broad, world-saving terms, but it’s noticeably silent on practically every key detail surrounding the project. 
  • On Jun 26, 2019, Apple acquired startup Drive.ai in what appears to be part of a renewed effort by the company to branch out into self-driving cars.
  • On July 18, 2019, an intriguing patent from Apple indicates that the technology company is still very much interested in getting involved in the automotive market. Patently Apple recently stumbled across a patent filed by Apple two years ago, but only just published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. The patent relates to the suspension architecture of a car and the incorporation of a steer-by-wire system. The steering and suspension systems outlined by Apple in the patent would work best for an autonomous vehicle.
  • On July 24, 2019, The iPhone maker hired Steve MacManus, former vice president of engineering at Tesla, for a senior director role. This is the third change in the 12 months that a Tesla engineering executive has revealed a move to Apple.

Microsoft

Microsoft is taking a different approach to autonomous vehicle technology development. It aims to collaborate with carmakers to implement its autonomous technologies. According to the senior management of the company, it has no intention to make its own autonomous vehicle. Some of the popular Microsoft solutions that might be used in such cars include the Azure cloud platform, Office 365, and the Windows operating system. The company already provides software for Ford, Kia, BMW, Nissan, and Fiat.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On March 22, 2017, Microsoft Corp. announced a new patent licensing agreement with Toyota Corp. that includes broad coverage for connected car technologies. The agreement builds on Toyota and Microsoft’s strong partnership, which includes their collaboration on the Azure-based Toyota Big Data Center. Microsoft invests $11.4 billion annually in research and development and for more than 30 years has been developing innovative technologies that are powering today’s connected car experiences.
  • On July 6, 2017, China’s search engine giant Baidu named Microsoft as a partner on its new open-source autonomous driving platform, Apollo. Technology analysts say the partnership is a smart call by Redmond.
  • The Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance will debut its next-generation connected-car platform later this year in the Nissan Leaf electric vehicle and redesigned Renault Clio’s small car. The technology was developed by the auto group and U.S. technology giant Microsoft using Microsoft’s Azure platform. Microsoft is working on connectivity with other automakers, including Volvo and BMW. But, Nissan and Renault will be the first to use Microsoft’s entire suite of software.
  • On Sep 28, 2018, Volkswagen’s supervisory board gave the green light for a strategic partnership between the Wolfsburg-based carmaker and Microsoft that will see the two companies develop connected cars together using cloud technology. The two sides agreed to create a Volkswagen Automotive Cloud on Microsoft’s platform for the Internet of Things, Microsoft Azure.
  • On Jan 9, 2019, LG planned to harness Microsoft’s artificial intelligence smarts to improve its Advanced Driver Assistance Systems, Driver­Status Monitoring Camera, and Multi­Purpose Front Camera — parts that it said last year it was providing to an undisclosed “premium German auto-maker”.
  • On Jan 27, 2019, a collaboration of researchers from MIT and Microsoft developed a system that helps identify lapses in artificial intelligence knowledge in autonomous cars and robots. These lapses, referred to as “blind spots,” occur when there are significant differences between training examples and what a human would do in a certain situation — such as a driverless car not detecting the difference between a large white car and an ambulance with its sirens on, and thus not behaving appropriately.
  • On Apr 03, 2019, BMW and Microsoft announced a partnership to launch a new open-source industrial manufacturing platform called the Open Manufacturing Platform, or OMP. It’s based on Microsoft’s Azure, which BMW already uses to run its more than 3,000 machines at 30 production and assembly sites around the world. The OMP is meant to make self-driving systems in a simplified and more cost-efficient way and could eventually help with other things, like digital supply chain management and predictive maintenance.
  • On June 3, 2019, Microsoft execs announced a “limited preview” of a piece of its autonomous systems toolchain at Build 2019. The company was seeking customers interested in test-driving its machine teaching and simulation technologies. Microsoft acquired machine-teaching vendor Bonsai in 2018 to jump-start its already existing work in this space.

Intel – Mobileye

Intel, of course, has been keen to push into the sector, having been beaten to the punch by companies like NXP and Nvidia to supply automotive silicon and autonomous processing power.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On July 1, 2016, BMW Group and Mobileye joined forces to make self-driving vehicles and future mobility concepts become a reality. The three leaders from the automotive, technology and computer vision and machine learning industries are collaborating to bring solutions for highly and fully automated driving into series production by 2021.
  • On November 15, 2016, Intel CEO Brian Krzanich announced that Intel Capital is targeting more than $250 million of additional new investments over the next two years to make fully autonomous driving a reality. This is the first time Intel is keynoting at an automotive conference, signifying how critical the automotive market has become for the company.
  • On Sep 18, 2017, Intel announced a collaboration with Alphabet’s self-driving unit Waymo to provide the computing power necessary for Level 4 and 5 autonomous vehicles that can drive in any condition. Waymo’s self-driving Chrysler Pacifica minivans already feature Intel-produced technology for everything from connectivity to sensor-data processing. By working more collaboratively in the future, the two companies say they hope to eventually produce vehicles capable of driving in any condition without human intervention.
  • On Jan. 8, 2018, Mobileye and NavInfo, the leading autonomous driving solution providers in the China market with core businesses in HAD mapping and high accuracy positioning, announced a collaboration intended to build and distribute Mobileye’s Road Experience Management (REM®) product in China.  Specifically, the partnership’s purpose is to use Mobileye’s REM technology to generate a RoadBook™ in China that is integrated and aligned with NavInfo’s mapping solutions.
  • On Jan 9, 2018, Intel showcased its first self-driving test car and announced a number of tie-ups with automakers to take the technology forward. The company introduced the first autonomous car in its 100-vehicle test fleet during CEO Brian Krzanich’s keynote address at the industry expo CES in Las Vegas. The car features 12 cameras, radars, laser scanners and computing technologies from Mobileye and Intel. There are three high-resolution cameras at the front of the vehicle that allows for a 180-degree field of view and let the car’s image processor see at a distance of up to 300 meters.
  • On January 11, 2018, SAIC Motor Corporation Limited took a further step in the development of intelligent driving technologies by cooperating with Mobileye. SAIC Motor will equip its first-generation intelligent driving central controller with the latest vision chip produced by Mobileye. The cooperation, a key element of SAIC Motor’s development strategy, is expected to promote the growth of self-driving cars in China.
  • On October 11, 2018, The state of Arizona announced the formation of the Institute for Automated Mobility to advance the safe deployment of automated vehicles. Intel Corporation is a founding partner of the new institute. This unique public-private consortium will focus on the liability, regulatory, and safety implications of automated vehicles. It will also work to develop standards and best practices for the industry to follow. 
  • On Oct. 29, 2018, Volkswagen Group, Mobileye, and Champion Motors announced plans to roll out Israel’s first self-driving ride-hailing service. The partners are planning to establish a joint venture for operating as “New Mobility in Israel.”  The group’s proposal was formally accepted by the Israeli government during a private ceremony at the Smart Mobility Summit in Tel Aviv.
  • On July 3, 2018, Baidu announced that it plans to work with Mobileye to integrate and commercially deploy Mobileye’s Responsibility Sensitive Safety (RSS) model in both the open-source Project Apollo and commercial Apollo Pilot programs. Baidu also announced plans to adopt Mobileye’s Surround Computer Vision Kit as the visual perception solution.
  • On January 8, 2019, Intel and Warner Bros. demoed a Batman entertainment experience aimed at passengers in a concept for a self-driving car. It is meant to show how we could entertain ourselves in the cars of the future. It’s based on Intel’s concept of a “passenger economy,” which assumes that we’ll have a lot more time on our hands in self-driving cars and will need to find a way to entertain ourselves.
  • On 4 Feb 2019, Intel announced that for automated driving solutions the US chipmaker starting to gather data on traffic patterns, roadside behavior, and infrastructure conditions in India. Intel plans to use the data to create algorithms that could also be used overseas to promote automated driving, without any human assistance. Intel is currently carrying out the projects in Telangana and Karnataka, which it plans to expand to Goa, said Jitendra Chaddah, director for strategic development and operations at Intel India.
  • On January 11, 2019, Intel’s Mobileye said that it is trialing autonomous vehicles on the streets of Jerusalem in a bid to test safety systems and navigation around heavy traffic and “aggressive” driving, Intel SVP and GM of Network Platforms Sandra Rivera told ZDNet. Speaking with ZDNet at CES 2019 in Las Vegas, Rivera said Intel is working with the Israeli government to ensure a safer environment for autonomous vehicles through Mobileye’s open Responsibility-Sensitive Safety (RSS) software model.
  • On July 2, 2019, Intel and a team of automotive companies teamed up to create new guidelines for autonomous vehicles. The intention of the “Safety First Automated Driving” paper, is to establish a framework of universal safety principles that all self-driving cars should abide by. The standards deal primarily with how the industry should monitor and report safety standards when building and operating autonomous cars.
  • On July 16, 2019, Intel announced that it has a new deep-learning chip system that is capable of crunching complex AI algorithms up to 1,000 times faster and 10,000 times more efficiently than regular CPUs. The new system, codenamed Pohoiki Beach, is made up of 64 Loihi ‘neuromorphic’ deep-learning chips, modeled after the human brain, and 8-million neurons. The chips are installed on a ‘Nahuku’ board that contains from 8 to 32 Loihi chips. The Pohoiki Beach system contains multiple such boards that can be interfaced with Intel’s Arria 1- FPGA developer’s kit. The system is aimed at making AI-enabled technologies such as autonomous driving, robotic skin, and prosthetic limbs more adaptable.
  • On Aug 23, 2019, Nissan enlisted the help of Intel’s Mobileye to work on its hand-off freeway driving feature. Version 2.0 is a collaborative work by the two companies, as announced by Mobileye. ProPilot Assist by Nissan is considered one of the first super-advanced driver-aid suites made available in affordable cars. Several tests of the system concluded that it works well with drivers, but now it’s been made better.

Google-Waymo

Google is working on driverless-car technologies since 2009. Initially, the project was named as Google driverless car project. In December 2016, the new unit Waymo was formed as the subsidiary of Google’s parent firm, Alphabet. Waymo’s self-driving technologies have gone through millions of miles of test drives already in US cities. Waymo cars had 1 billion simulated miles of test driving in 2016.  However, Waymo’s effort got regular halt due to the departure of project engineers and leaders including founding member Chris Urmson.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On March 9, 2018, Google said that it plans to use Waymo’s self-driving trucks to deliver cargo to Google’s data centers. The transport tests will take place in Atlanta, where Google-owned Waymo recently expanded its test program of self-driving minivans. Google’s logistics team will work closely with Waymo’s team to give Waymo’s self-driving trucks a chance to operate in a real-world business scenario.
  • On Mar 27, 2018, Jaguar Land Rover announced that the company is to supply up to 20,000 of its new electric I-Pace cars to Waymo to be converted into self-driving vehicles for its ride-hailing service. The tie-up, worth up to £1.3bn, is a further mark of Waymo’s ambition in the race with Uber and others to develop a driverless ride-hailing service – as well as a huge boost for Britain’s biggest car manufacturer as it takes its first steps into electric vehicles.
  • On July 25, 2018, Google’s sister-company Waymo announced a trial in which its self-driving cars will ferry shoppers to and from a nearby Walmart store to pick up their groceries. For now, the pilot is being restricted to 400-plus members of its early rider program in Phoenix, Arizona.
  • On May 31, 2018, Waymo announced its preparation to roll out more than 62,000 autonomous Chrysler Pacifica hybrid minivans. The mobility services company is expanding its partnership with Fiat Chrysler in a deal that may include licensing Waymo’s technology and services so they can be incorporated in FCA vehicles.
  • On October 10, 2018, Waymo announced that its autonomous vehicles have driven 10 million miles on public roads in the United States. Keep in mind that the company hit 8 million miles in July and had logged just 4 million miles in November 2017. That suggests, Waymo’s pace is quickening.
  • On February 5, 2019, The Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance will tie-up with Waymo to develop autonomous taxis and other services using self-driving vehicles, the Nikkei reported. The partners are considering the joint development of unmanned taxis using Nissan vehicles and a system that handles reservations and payments.
  • On March 6, 2019, Waymo said that it will begin selling the laser-mapping sensors used on its driverless vehicles to other companies—as long as the customers don’t compete with its core robotaxi business. The sensors, known as lidar will be used in the next generation of warehouse robots, security systems, and even autonomous tractors.
  • On March 20, 2019, Waymo announced that it is opening another technical service center in the Phoenix area, an expansion that will allow the autonomous-vehicle technology startup to double its capacity in the area as it prepares to grow its commercial fleet. The new 85,000 square-foot center will be located in Mesa and is expected to open sometime in the second half of the year. 
  • On April 23, 2019, Waymo announced that it is building a factory to turn regular ol’ dumb cars into smart autonomous cars. Months after announcing that it was bringing its self-driving car operation to Michigan, the company said that it would be opening a repurposed factory in Detroit. In the new facility, Waymo will mass manufacture level 4 autonomous vehicles.
  • On May 7, 2019, Lyft announced that the riders in the Phoenix area will soon be able to summon one of Waymo’s self-driving minivans for a ride. It’s the culmination of a partnership that was first announced almost two years ago.
  • On May 10, 2019, Waymo announced that it has enrolled 1,000 customers for its ride-hailing service in suburban Phoenix. Chief Executive Officer John Krafcik touted the milestone while revealing plans to allow select Lyft Inc. users in Arizona to hail Waymo taxis.
  • On May 29, 2019, Waymo announced the news in a tweet that it is bringing its autonomous trucks back to Arizona.
  • On July 2, 2019, The California Public Utilities Commission granted Waymo a permit to participate in the state’s Autonomous Vehicle Passenger Service pilot. A statement from a Waymo spokesperson provides some hints as to how and where the company intends to use this permit.
  • On July 26, 2019, Google said that its DeepMind system is using a type of algorithm called population-based training to mimic natural selection. The algorithm shortcuts the learning process by starting with the most efficient units and then basing future adaptations on those. The same thing is happening with self-driving development. DeepMind selects the aspects of the neural network that are most efficient and using those when it needs to retrain or adjust its procedures as new data comes in.

NVIDIA

Nvidia is one of the leading chip-makers in the autonomous vehicle space today. Many automakers have already announced to use systems from Nvidia in their self-driving cars. Some of these include Audi, Mercedes Benz, Toyota, and Tesla among others.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On Feb. 7, 2018, Continental announced that it will use graphic processor designer Nvidia’s autonomous driving computing system to help build its own self-driving technology platform. Engineers from both companies will work together to integrate Nvidia’s Xavier DRIVE system-on-a-chip, its DRIVE operating system (OS), and DRIVE software stack with Continental’s ASIL-D security certification, and radar, camera, and LiDAR sensor suite to build an autonomous driving solution.
  • On July 10, 2018, German automaker Daimler and electronics company Bosch announced they would join forces to develop a fully automated, driverless car system. And for that, they’ve chosen Nvidia’s Drive Pegasus as their artificial intelligence (AI) computing platform of choice. Both companies will begin testing self-driving cars in California in the second half of 2019.
  • On September 12, 2018, Isuzu Motors announced that it is using the NVIDIA DRIVE AGX platform to address an industry-wide driver-shortage issue while making roadways safer and less congested. Isuzu, which makes more than 600,000 commercial vehicles annually, is pursuing autonomous driving by using the NVIDIA DRIVE AV software stack and the energy-efficient DRIVE AGX platform inside the vehicle.
  • On September 13, 2018, Nvidia said that it is using the underlying architecture of its Drive autonomous vehicle platform to enable product development in other verticals with AI systems that deal with vast amounts of critical data, such as video surveillance, robotics, and health care. Called Project Maglev, the initiative to transfer the data framework to industries beyond autonomous vehicles started roughly 18 months ago, Nvidia VP of AI infrastructure Clément Farabet told VentureBeat in a phone interview.
  • On November 5, 2018, Optimus Ride, an autonomous technology startup based in Boston, revealed Nvidia’s Drive AGX Xavier as its development platform of choice for driverless cars. The company plans to upgrade all of its autonomous vehicles deployed in Boston’s Seaport District and the Union Smart Point development in Weymouth, Massachusetts with Drive AGX Xavier. It is also looking to incorporate the hardware/software framework into future prototypes at yet-to-be-announced sites.
  • On November 21, 2018, The Chinese electric car companies XPeng Motors, Singulato Motors, and SF Motors signed a deal with the chipmaker to use NVIDIA’s Xavier AI chip to bring Level 3 autonomous driving. The NVIDIA DRIVE AGX Xavier car computer that comes with the kit is capable of taking care of a self-driving car’s heavy computational load — obstacle recognition, driver monitoring, and other aspects of autonomous driving.
  • On January 8, 2019, Mercedes-Benz announced that it has selected NVIDIA to help realize its vision for next-generation vehicles. Both companies agreed that the car of the future must be software-defined — starting from creating the software for today’s requirements, anticipating software for tomorrow’s needs and building the computing architecture to enable it.
  • On March 18, 2019, at the GPU Technology Conference, NVIDIA founder, and CEO Jensen Huang announced NVIDIA DRIVE AP2X — a complete Level 2+ automated driving solution encompassing DRIVE AutoPilot software, DRIVE AGX, and DRIVE validation tools. DRIVE AP2X incorporates DRIVE AV autonomous driving software and DRIVE IX intelligent cockpit experience. Each runs on the high-performance, energy-efficient NVIDIA Xavier system-on-a-chip (SoC) utilizing DriveWorks acceleration libraries and DRIVE OS, a real-time operating system.
  • On March 19, 2019, Israel-based Cognata, a developer of simulation platforms for self-driving cars, said that it was partnering with U.S. chip supplier Nvidia to speed up testing and validation for autonomous driving. The companies will deliver an array of scenarios and traffic models using large-scale, hardware-in-the-loop simulation, it said. The simulation, Cognata said, will reduce testing time and costs, as well as produce better product quality and increase safety.
  • On March 20, 2019, Nvidia said that with NVIDIA DRIVE Mapping software, sensors and onboard computers help self-driving cars see, plan, act and can also make sure vehicles stay on the right path. DRIVE Mapping allows vehicles to navigate anywhere in the world. It uses maps from partners such as Baidu, HERE, TomTom, NavInfo and Zenrin to localize vehicles to high-definition maps with unprecedented breadth and accuracy.
  • On Mar 26, 2019, the chipmaker announced that it’s expanded partnership with Toyota Motor. The new collaboration between NVIDIA and Toyota Research Institute-Advanced Development (TRI-AD) in Japan and the United States “builds on an ongoing relationship with Toyota to utilize the NVIDIA DRIVE AGX Xavier AV [autonomous vehicle] computer. The collaboration involves the development, training, and validation of self-driving vehicles.
  • On May 23, 2019, NVIDIA built DRIVE AGX as an open platform to seamlessly incorporate new sensors for more efficient autonomous driving development. Sensors are a key component to making a vehicle driverless. Cameras, radar, and lidar enable an autonomous vehicle to visualize its surroundings, detect objects, and implement interior features such as driver monitoring and customized passenger experiences. DRIVE AGX helps speed up this development with the DriveWorks sensor abstraction layer (SAL).
  • On May 31, 2019, NVIDIA DRIVE partner and autonomous trucking startup, TuSimple, has hauled mail more than 1,000 miles between Phoenix and Dallas as part of a two-week pilot with the U.S. Postal Service. Halfway through the test, the self-driving prototypes from TuSimple — which is also an NVIDIA Inception member — arrived at the delivery hubs earlier than expected.
  • On June 17, 2019, NVIDIA unveiled the world’s 22nd fastest supercomputer — DGX SuperPOD — which provides AI infrastructure that meets the massive demands of the company’s autonomous-vehicle deployment program. The system was built in just three weeks with 96 NVIDIA DGX-2H supercomputers and Mellanox interconnects technology. Delivering 9.4 petaflops of processing capability, it has the muscle for training the vast number of deep neural networks required for safe self-driving vehicles. Customers can buy this system in whole or in part from any DGX-2 partner based on our DGX SuperPOD design.
  • On June 18, 2019, at its headquarters in Gothenburg, Sweden, Volvo Group announced that it’s using the NVIDIA DRIVE end-to-end autonomous driving platform to train, test and deploy self-driving AI vehicles, targeting public transport, freight transport, refuse and recycling collection, construction, mining, forestry, and more.

Samsung

In May 2017, Samsung received approval from the South Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport to test autonomous vehicles on Korean roads. Samsung’s self-driving cars are based on Hyundai vehicles equipped with cameras and sensors. In the autonomous car segment, Samsung’s primary competitor is Apple.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On September 1, 2017, Samsung got permission to test self-driving cars on public roads in California. The permit means its driverless vehicles will be able to travel on the same routes as cars driven by humans. The firm said that it had no plans to make its own driverless cars instead it will make control systems for autonomous vehicles.
  • On Aug 30, 2018, Renault Samsung Motors said that it received temporary approval from the country’s transportation ministry to test its self-driving cars on roads in South Korea. The permission allows the South Korean unit of French carmaker Renault S.A. to test its autonomous vehicles under development on designated expressways and test sites. Currently, Renault Samsung is working on a traffic jam assist system that can be used to drive cars on crowded roads at low speeds. With its newly granted permit, the carmaker plans to test this feature with a self-driving car equipped with side radar, cameras, and sensors on crowded streets at speeds below 50 km.
  • On November 14, 2016, Samsung Electronics acquired Harman International Industries, for $112.00 per share in cash, or a total equity value of approximately $8.0 billion. The acquisition will immediately give Samsung a significant presence in the large and rapidly growing market for connected technologies, particularly automotive electronics, which has been a strategic priority for Samsung.
  • On August Jan 8, 2018, Samsung unveiled DRVLINE, a hardware and software platform that will allow car makers to create customized, technologically advanced autonomous vehicles. Many platforms are an all-or-nothing solution, which forces users to adopt the entire package en masse, without any sort of customization. DRVLINE, however, allows vendors to swap and customize individual components, building the vehicle to their specifications, as well as allowing for rapidly evolving technology.
  • On August 08, 2018, Samsung Electronics created a new team to study autonomous driving at its research lab Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology. Along with the firm’s automotive parts business unit, the team is expected to play a key role in leading Samsung’s renewed push for connected cars. The research lab usually studies early-stage technologies before their mass-market adoption.
  • On September 14, 2017, Samsung announced that it has launched Samsung Automotive Innovation Fund, a $300 million fund to back startups and other interesting bets in the automotive market. And as a first investment out of that fund, Samsung has put €75 million (nearly $90 million) into TTTech, an Austria-based developer of platforms and safety software for connected cars, alongside a corresponding investment from Audi.
  • On January 2, 2019, according to a report released by the European Patent Office (EPO), Samsung Electronics has filed the largest number of patent applications related to autonomous driving in Europe. Samsung was followed by two other semiconductor companies, which indicates that autonomous driving is emerging as a new battleground for semiconductor companies. According to the EPO’s latest report on patents and self-driving vehicles, Samsung Electronics filed 624 applications for patents related to autonomous driving between 2011 and 2017. It was followed by Intel (590), Qualcomm (361), LG Group (348), Bosch (343) and Toyota (338).
  • On Dec 10, 2018, Samsung said that it is aggressively hiring software engineers specialized in autonomous driving technologies. The South Korean tech giant has been seeking experts in autonomous driving, an industry source said, with Samsung thought to be planning to kick-start new business officially as early as 2019.
  • On December 6, 2018, Samsung announced that it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Korea Transportation Safety Authority (KOTSA) to collaborate on next-generation telecommunication technology which will enable autonomous driving innovation across the country. Through the partnership, both entities will build 4G LTE, 5G, and Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) telecommunication networks and related IT infrastructures at K-City, a testbed for autonomous driving technology in Korea.
  • On May 13, 2019, Samsung Electronics, a world leader in advanced semiconductor technology, announced that it has received the ISO 26262 certification for functional safety in automotive components from TÜV Rheinland, a globally renowned third-party testing, inspection, and certification company. The accreditation of Samsung’s new functional safety management system ensures that the company’s advanced automotive semiconductors, such as processors, image sensors, memory, and light-emitting diode (LED) solutions, satisfy the industry’s rigid safety standards throughout the product development process.

Huawei

Chinese telecommunication giant Huawei has shifted resources toward the development of autonomous vehicles in recent years. It has published a white paper explaining the ways in which mobile network operators could prove to be valuable to the connected cars space. Some of these areas include smart parking, fleet management, data related to in-car entertainment, LTE-based emergency services, and more.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On Oct 12, 2018, Huawei announced that it will develop self-driving technology with Audi for cars that will be sold in China. The partnership will focus on creating so-called Level 4 technology, which the Society of Automotive Engineers defines as a car that completely drives itself from start to finish within a specifically designated area.
  • On Dec 10, 2018, Huawei Technologies, its semiconductor subsidiary HiSilicon and RoboSense, a maker of lidar sensors used in driverless cars, became the first Chinese company to help establish an international non-profit group that supports open-source autonomous driving projects. The three firms are among the more than 20 founding members of the Autoware Foundation, which aims to promote collaboration between corporate and academic research efforts in autonomous driving technology.
  • On Jan 25, 2019, Huawei submitted a patent for autonomous vehicles that could detect whether drivers are drunk or sleepy when getting behind the wheel. The patent was submitted to the European Patent Office and published on January 17, with an abstract of the submission suggesting that Huawei’s system can detect the condition of the driver and make a decision whether they can take control of the car or not.
  • On April 27, 2019, China’s Huawei Technologies launched the world’s first 5G communications hardware for the automotive industry. The hardware signs its growing ambition to become a key supplier to the sector for autonomous-driving technology. Huawei said in a statement that the MH5000 module is based on the Balong 5000 5G chip, which it launched in January. Based on this chip, Huawei has developed the world’s first 5G car module with high speed and high quality.
  • On June 3, 2019, Huawei officially announced the establishment of its new department working on smart car solutions for vehicle manufacturers. The newly formed department will operate under the ICT Management Committee, and offer end-to-end smart mobility solutions including information and communication technology (ICT) equipment and applications to car manufacturers.
  • On Jul 9, 2019, Huawei obtained a permit allowing the tech giant to draw up high-definition navigation maps in China, a move that will aid the development of simulation software for autonomous vehicles.

Baidu

Baidu, which is also known as Chinese Google ramped up its autonomous car initiatives since 2014 when it opened its first AI lab in Silicon Valley. It has a dedicated Autonomous Driving Unit (ADU) that is based in Beijing and Silicon Valley and takes care of the company’s autonomous car efforts. 

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On September 22, 2017, Baidu put some serious cash behind its self-driving car push after it announced a $1.5 billion fund that’s focused on backing autonomous driving tech companies.
  • On March 23, 2018, Automotive group Jaguar Land Rover and Chinese technology giant Baidu began new self-driving car tests this week, despite an autonomous Uber car killing a pedestrian in Arizona last weekend.
  • On June 15, 2018, Honda Motor joined a consortium led by Chinese tech giant Baidu aimed at advancing autonomous driving technology, hoping to carve out a share as China races to become the world’s largest market for self-driving vehicles.
  • On July 03, 2018, Chinese internet search leader Baidu tied up with SB Drive, a subsidiary of SoftBank Group, to enter Japan’s autonomous vehicle market. Both have been investing in autonomous driving and aim to marry their systems in a bus model that would go into testing by year-end. China’s Xiamen King Long United Automotive Industry will build the bus, currently called Apolong. The companies aim to ship 10 buses to Japan by 2019 and to begin commercialization later. 
  • On Oct 30, 2018, Baidu signed a partnership agreement with the Changsha municipal government to reshape the city’s transport infrastructure. The internet giant has announced plans to roll out self-driving taxi and bus service in Changsha, the capital of southern Hunan province.
  • On October 31, 2018, Ford and Baidu teamed up to develop self-driving cars in China. The US automaker and Chinese internet company said that they plan to start testing autonomous vehicles together on Beijing roads by the end of the year.
  • On November 01, 2018, Chinese tech giant Baidu said that it will launch a fully autonomous passenger car next year in a partnership with Hongqi, or Red Flag, a brand used by China’s political elite.
  • On Nov 1, 2018, Baidu announced that it is continuing its partnership spree for Apollo, its open development platform for autonomous driving after it inked a deal with Swedish automaker Volvo to develop level four self-driving passenger cars.
  • On December 18, 2018, Baidu teamed up with the Unity gaming engine to help speed along with the development of self-driving cars, using simulations to gather test data on how the vehicles perform in 3D environments.
  • On January 9, 2019, Baidu made several big announcements about Apollo, its open-source autonomous vehicle technology platform, at CES 2019. The first is the launch of Apollo Enterprise for vehicles that will be put into mass production. The company claims that Apollo is already used by 130 partners around the world. One of its newest partners, Chinese electric vehicle startup WM Motors, plans to deploy level 3 autonomous vehicles by 2021.
  • On June 19, 2019, Baidu announced its new Apollo Lite system, which it says uses 10 cameras and no lidar or radar to achieve Level 4 autonomy. Baidu also claims that its cameras can detect and identify objects at distances of over 700 feet from the vehicle.
  • On July 2, 2019, Baidu revealed that its fleet of 300 level vehicles across 13 cities recently achieved a major milestone: 2 million kilometers (1.2 million miles) driven autonomously in urban environments.
  • On July 8, 2019, Baidu teamed up with Toyota and Geely to work on both self-driving tech and artificial intelligence, according to Reuters.
  • On Aug 9, 2019, Baidu and Elektrobit (EB) signed a strategic partnership in which EB will provide automotive infrastructure software for the Apollo Computing Unit (ACU), Baidu’s advanced in-vehicle computing platform for autonomous driving. The ACU, an autonomous driving in-vehicle computing platform for mass production, is one of the most important products of Baidu Apollo, which is being developed with 156 industry partners including Chinese automakers.

Service Companies Working On Autonomous Vehicle

Lyft

Lyft is one of the largest transportation networks in the US. The company is aiming for autonomous car technology and is developing collaboration with autonomous car development and automakers. According to John Zimmer, co-founder, and president of Lyft, in the next five years, most of Lyft’s cars will be self-driving cars.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On Jan 4, 2016, General Motors and Lyft teamed up to develop driverless cars. GM and Lyft announced the joint venture including a $500 million investment by GM in Lyft.
  • On Jun 6, 2017, Lyft announced a new partnership with Boston-based self-driving car startup NuTonomy to eventually put “thousands” of on-demand, autonomous vehicles on the road. In the meantime, the two companies said they intend to launch a limited pilot in Boston within the next few months, in which Lyft users will be able to hail one of NuTonomy’s driverless vehicles by using Lyft’s app.
  • On Sep 27, 2017, Ford announced that it will work with Lyft to deploy its self-driving cars on the ride-hail service’s platform by 2021. Engineers from Ford and Lyft will work together to build software that allows Ford’s self-driving cars to communicate with Lyft’s app. Recently, Lyft said that it would also be designing and manufacturing its own self-driving technology stack.
  • On Mar 14, 2018, Magna announced that it will be investing $200 million in Lyft as the two companies embark on a multi-year partnership to develop self-driving systems that can be manufactured at scale. The autonomous vehicles that Lyft and Magna will be working together to build will be Level 4, meaning they will be able to operate without any human intervention within the car’s normal operating parameters.
  • On Oct 23, 2018, Lyft offered a glimpse of its brand-new self-driving car. It’s a Ford Fusion hybrid sedan with technology designed and built by the ride-hailing company’s in-house team of autonomous vehicle engineers. Lyft also announced the acquisition of Blue Vision Labs, a London-based augmented reality startup that uses computer vision to process street-level imagery.
  • On May 8, 2019, Waymo partnered with Lyft to bring self-driving vehicles onto the ride-hailing network in Phoenix as the company ramps up its commercial robo taxi service. Waymo will add 10 of its self-driving vehicles onto the Lyft platform over the next few months, according to Waymo CEO John Krafcik. Once Waymo vehicles are on the platform, Lyft users in the area will have the option to select a Waymo directly from the Lyft app for eligible rides.
  • On May 31, 2019, Lyft announced its 30-vehicle fleet has made 55,000 trips after one year ago, Lyft launched its self-driving ride service in Las Vegas. That makes it the largest commercial program of its kind in the US.
  • On July 23, 2019, Lyft offered to the public a set of autonomous driving data that it calls the “largest public data set of its kind,” containing over 55,000 3D frames of captured footage hand-labeled by human reviewers, data collected by seven cameras and as many as three lidars depending on the car used, plus a drivable surface map and HD spatial semantic data that corresponds to the captured info to provide context to researchers.

Didi Chuxing

Didi Chuxing is one of the largest transportation networks in China. The company is also expanding its business in other parts of the world such as Southeast Asia, India, and Brazil. Presently Didi Chuxing is shifting its gear towards self-driving cars.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On May 2, 2018, Chinese ride-hailing giant Didi Chuxing approached an agreement with Volkswagen to deploy a “purpose-built” fleet of VW vehicles in its home country. As part of the joint venture, the German carmaker would provide around 100,000 vehicles, electric and autonomous vehicle technology, and manage the fleet.
  • On May 14, 2018, Chinese ride-hailing group Didi Chuxing was given the go-ahead to start testing self-driving cars in California, as it looks to catch up with its Silicon Valley rivals’ earlier start in autonomous systems.
  • On 26 Jun 2019, Chinese ride-hailing giant Didi Chuxing said that it would expand its partnership with Guangzhou Automobile Group Co Ltd (GAC Group) to areas such as ride-hailing operations and autonomous driving. China’s largest ride-hailing firm and Guangzhou-based GAC Group will work on fleet expansion and management, development of new mobility products and collaboration on smart driving, including autonomous driving technology, Didi said in a statement.
  • On Jul 25, 2019, Didi Chuxing announced that it has closed a $600 million investment deal from Toyota Motor Corporation to jointly offer auto services for ride-hailing drivers on Didi’s platform. The deal marks a big step forward for Didi, which seeks closer ties with traditional automakers to extend its dominance in the Chinese ride-hailing market.
  • On Aug 5, 2019, Didi Chuxing announced that it had spun off its autonomous driving unit into an independent company. The move may be part of efforts to refine its business structure ahead of a much-rumored IPO.

RideCell

RideCell offers transit software to the mobility industry. The company provides the software platform for companies offering service and applications on autonomous vehicles.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

  • On Oct 9, 2017, Ridecell, the leading global platform for carsharing and ridesharing operators, announced the acquisition of Auro, a California-based developer of autonomous vehicle technology, in an all-stock transaction. Ridecell also announced the public availability of its autonomous operations platform which has successfully been used in autonomous pilot programs. With these two initiatives, Ridecell now offers the industry’s first complete autonomous new mobility solution that enables on-demand autonomous shuttle mobility service in low-speed, private-road settings.
  • On 26 Oct 2018, Ridecell Inc., the leading platform for new mobility operators, announced that its self-driving vehicle division, Auro, is now licensed to test autonomous vehicles on public roadways in California.
  • On November 13, 2018, The San Francisco startup, Ridecell, announced an extension of the $28 million Series B round it completed in May that more than doubles the amount raised to over $60 million.
  • On Dec 10, 2018, DeepMap, a leading provider of high-definition (HD) mapping and localization technology for autonomous vehicles announced licensing deals with Swedish trucking company Einride and San Francisco-based new mobility platform provider Ridecell. Both companies are integrating DeepMap’s software into autonomous fleets.
  • On April 30, 2019, Ridecell Inc., the leading platform for shared and autonomous mobility operators, and Dataspeed Inc., a globally established drive-by-wire solution provider, announced a strategic partnership to enhance autonomous vehicle (AV) safety. The companies will begin leveraging each other’s technology and testing new technologies in real-world conditions to improve vehicle safety.

Grab Taxi

Grab Holdings Inc. is a Singaporean transportation network company offering services that include peer-to-peer ridesharing, ride service hailing, and food deliveries.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

On September 23, 2016, nuTonomy, the leading developer of state-of-the-art software for self-driving cars, and Grab announced a partnership to expand nuTonomy’s ongoing public trial of self-driving cars in Singapore, the first such public trial anywhere in the world. The trial will give select Grab users a chance to experience the full end-to-end experience of e-hailing and riding in a nuTonomy self-driving vehicle (SDV).

Tesloop

Tesloop offers city-to-city transportation services through Tesla electric vehicles. The company began its service on Tesla’s autopilot electric vehicles as well.

Strategic Initiatives and Plans:

Tesloop has developed software for Autonomous Connected Electric Supercharged vehicles (ACES)

Funded Start-Ups

Self driving vehicle start-ups

Source: Crunchyroll

Which Companies are most likely to launch driverless vehicles Soon?

According to Navigant Research, five companies that are leading the race to launch the autonomous cars are Ford, GM, Renault-Nissan, Daimler, and Volkswagen. The report places Waymo, Google’s driverless car effort in sixth place and Tesla in twelfth. Uber languishes in sixteenth, behind Honda and barely ahead of start-up Autonomy and China’s Baidu[143]

Automated Driving Systems Leader board

Automated Driving Systems Leader board

Launch Plans of Top Players

Acquisitions & Strategic Investment

Acquisition & Investment Activity in Autonomous Cars

Acquisition & Investment Activity in Autonomous Cars

Government Regulations

United States

The federal government has released its first rulebook on the manufacturing and sale of autonomous vehicles in 2016, September. Under the rule, the federal government has precisely mentioned to autonomous car manufacturers to share wide amount of statistics with the federal government. On the other hand, it is uncertain whether the companies will share data with the government. The government also has stated to address 15-points on security assessments including how the vehicle’s software will address on road during accidents and ethical situations and other basic details like how these cars function, how they record statistics, what happens when a car crash, what will be the protective measure against hacking, and so on.

Driverless and semi-autonomous cars have already entered the US market which is compelling the federal government to set up a law on autonomous vehicles. Companies like Tesla has already sold around ten thousand electric cars with a self-driving feature called autopilot. Uber started its test run rides from driverless cars by their smartphone application. Big technology giants like Google and Apple engaged in a test of self-driving cars.

Below are the few points which an eventual bill might do:

  • The existing automotive laws and regulations revised where a driver is behind the wheel operating the motor vehicle. The updated vehicle standards may no longer require a driver behind the wheel. It is possible that the new rule would remove the requirement of pedal or steering of cars.
  • There is a constitutional confusion raised in distinguishing fully vs. semi-automatic vehicles. In recent times Uber went into a clash with the State of California over the description of “autonomous”, where the state precisely mentioned that Uber’s test is unlawful. Clearing up such terminology based communication would avert any confusion on both semi and fully autonomous vehicles.
  • The government might make standard rules and regulations on a physical and technological standard for autonomous vehicles, related to the laws currently implicit on traditional vehicles.

Europe

Research has been commissioned by the German Federal Ministry of Economics, where it is projected that the driver assistance system and automated vehicles market value would be EUR 8.8 billion and shall generate 130,000 jobs by 2025 in Germany.

Considering the advantage forecasts the law is turning towards the use of automated vehicles in Europe. As a result, the British government is designed to change the national law by summer 2017, to enable the development of autonomous vehicles. The British government is also looking forward to the improvement of internal law by the end of 2018.

The basic requirements of automated vehicles are legal permits on the use of public roads. Any vehicles sold in the EU member state needs EC type approval. The latest ECE 79 guideline contains the necessity of steering in a vehicle which an issue for automated vehicles. In the regulation, it is stated in paragraph 2.3.4 that an “Advance Advanced Driver Assistance Steering System” is only permitted to control the steering as long as the driver remains in primary control of the motor vehicle at all times. Also in paragraph 5.1.6, it is stated that such systems “shall be designed such that the driver may, at any time and by cautious action, override the function”. The future ECE Regulation 79 may have five primary specifications on automatically commanded steering function (ACSF).

  1. Automatic parking system
  2. Automated steering function
  3. Extend the functionality covered by B, such as single maneuver
  4. System function that can be initiated and executed after driver’s confirmation
  5. System function initiated and executed by a driver will continuously determine the maneuver and complete them

Among the other countries in Europe, Germany and the UK intend to take pioneer in an autonomous vehicle. However, it remains to be seen when and how quickly the amendment of ECE Regulation 79 is amended for an autonomous vehicle.

Asia

Asia is one of the rising testing grounds for autonomous vehicles. Countries like Singapore and other developed Asian countries are supporting such initiatives by providing logistical, financial and operations support for automated vehicle investors.

In February 2017, the Singapore Road Traffic Act (STA) amended and authorized the Land Transport Authority (LTA) to keep pace on automated vehicle trials. According to the second minister of Singapore transport Ng Chee Meng, the government will create new rules on artificial vehicle trials, standard car design and data sharing from the trials.

In China, the Ministry of Industry and Information and police is formulating rules on autonomous vehicles, however, the government has warned the car makers not to test any self-driving vehicles on the highways before the regulations are released.

The Japanese government is planning to draw regulations on the use of autonomous vehicles. However, the National Police Agency will consider who will be responsible if any accident happens with driverless cars. The government is also planning to release the legal policy quickly so that the car manufacturers can initiate test runs on the road. The government has classified the autonomous cars into five categories including self-driving cars that do not require any driver or any steering wheel and assisting a few functions, such as accelerations and braking, during autonomous driving. The car manufacturers and the government are working together to set up a platform on driverless cars which would eliminate accidents caused by human errors or reduce the traffic issues.

Future Outlook

Level 4 Cars Could Be A Reality By 2025

According to the top car-makers, autonomous vehicles (Level 4) will start to hit the roads by 2020. However, most of the research and consulting firms believe that is will not be that soon. According to the popular industry predictions, level 4 cars will only gain some market share in 2025, while level 5 cars may be a reality post-2030. Several complexities are expected to bar the launch of highly autonomous vehicles soon. One of the major issues will be a risk factor associated with it. Tesla’s autonomous car testing in 2016 was a disaster and might impact the decision making of the regulatory authorities on the launching of such vehicles.

Regulatory Framework Is Still At A Nascent Stage

Most of the Government officials across the countries that are giving permission to test driverless cars are unsure about how the regulatory framework might look like in 2020. During the testing phase of such vehicles, government officials could make amendments to the existing regulations.

The responsibility of the governments is not only limited to adding new advanced technology and IT infrastructure to city roads but to make streets smarter to deal with self-driving vehicles. According to the industry experts, it will be the regulatory issues at the federal, state and local levels that will hinder the launch of autonomous vehicles.

Asian Countries Give Competition To Western Counterparts

Even though developed western countries of North America and Europe have taken significant steps to encourage AVs on road, Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Singapore are expected to catch up fast. China plans to be the leading user of semi-autonomous and highly autonomous cars by 2025.

Singapore government is equally encouraging test drives of autonomous vehicles. It has clearly stated its intention to make Singapore a smart nation encouraging AVs that are efficient, environmentally friendly, time-saving. Singapore Ministry of Transport also believes that within the next 10-15 years AVs will be a hardcore reality.

On the other hand, Japanese officials announced their intention to make Tokyo a self-driving city before Olympics 2020. In September 2016, Japan’s top automotive-tech houses begun the work of 3-D mapping the country’s roadways to get them ready for autonomous vehicles.

More Collaborations And Executive Changes Are Expected In The Industry

Players in the autonomous car space are running an intense race to launch a viable and safe autonomous vehicle. To make it a success, a number of major players have already formed strategic partnerships and made investments in start-ups. Additionally, big players have changed their leadership structures and appointed new teams to strengthen initiatives to bring out a successful autonomous driving system. Going forward, more of such incidents are going to take place depending on the success during the testing phase and subsequent regulatory changes. Automakers could change strategic partners or look for new partners to strengthen their efforts. On the other hand, the industry could experience aggressive poaching of valued executives to win the race.

Autonomous Cars Could Result In Significant Job Losses

Many leading car-makers are working on autonomous buses, trucks, and cabs.  This, in turn, could become a reason to worry about commercial drivers. According to Goldman Sachs, U.S. drivers could see job losses at a rate of 25,000 a month, or 300,000 a year when autonomous cars are fully operational.

Conclusion

Over the period of the last three years, autonomous cars have become a topic of discussion among carmakers, researchers, students, investors, analysts, and consultants among others. The possibility of a fully autonomous vehicle might still look too futuristic; however, it has significantly drawn the attention of the automakers and technology providers. In a short span of time, this space has experienced plenty of noticeable partnerships, R&D activities, acquisitions and capacity expansion among the players.

Going forward, the industry is expected to experience more ups and downs as the automakers, technology providers, users, and officials will get a sense of the concepts during the testing phase that is already being kickstarted by some of the players. The success of fully-autonomous vehicles might change the world of transportation scenarios.

Showing 7 comments
  • Kathy Hilsinger Walliser
    Reply

    I read this comprehensive treatise with fascination. Even 176 references shows your determination toward accuracy and authenticity. This is a verbal illustration of the state of the industry at the moment and is a great read for anyone interested in the topic. Thanks for posting.

    • GreyB
      Reply

      Kathy, thanks for the kind words. Your comment made our day and of the person who worked on the report. Nothing makes us happy than finding that we are of a help. 🙂

  • ktosik
    Reply

    Hmm no any adaptive tempomat can working when is very high rain or snow, so sensor work only when is very good whether. I be a pro driver and I drive with adaptive tempomat from almost 3 years. In new trucks is little better but all systems go down when snowing or high rain. Sorry for my english :D.

  • Vidhan
    Reply

    Thanks for sharing this information with us. This information is really interesting and good. Keep sharing this type of articles with us.

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